That is why it is imperative that truck company fleets or driver-owned commercial trucks be properly maintained. Progressive , without corresponding adjustment, can be even more troublesome because it may appear innocuous during normal driving, but may lead to an accident during emergency braking applications. Electrical connections and mounting bolts of starter, generator, alternator — Tighten. Underinflated tires can also affect weight distribution, which in turn can cause problems with the framework, alignment, traction, steering and braking. Injector nozzles — Inspect and clean as required, set cracking pressure Injectors — Check and adjust for proper height setting. Details of scheduled preventive maintenance should be documented and the documentation should be kept. Physically check each mud flap to ensure it is mounted securely.
Starting on the driver's side, look over the body of the tractor. Driver Inspection Reports Creating is a key component in commercial motor vehicle safety. Department of Transportation that oversees commercial truck operations in the United States, has created its own commercial truck maintenance checklist for pre-trip inspection of commercial motor vehicles. Maintaining your truck and using an effective maintenance checklist to keep your equipment in good order will keep you and others safe on the road. Replace hoses every two years. This template serves as an essential maintenance program tool for tracking routine fleet maintenance, managing tractor trailer safety, and other routine maintenance plans.
Tire Inflation and Condition Tires experience the most wear over time and should be carefully monitored for safety and gas mileage reasons. Coolant should be drained and flushed a minimum of once a year. There are many different types of commercial trailers, and each one has its unique features that need to be inspected. The management of the facility can be performed by an in-house staff or outsourced. The principal operator of the truck may need to do small repair themselves. A trucking operation should expect to allocate 7 percent of its revenue to maintenance costs. Often this is done through your nearest dealership.
Coolant older than 24 months should be flushed out and replaced. Begin the interior checklist by starting the engine. Such an exam should be done a minimum of once a year. Performing regular maintenance and inspection allows you to spot problems as they occur and avoid costly unplanned downtime. You will want to set up and maintain maintenance records not just because they are required by the regulations, but because they can help you decide if your maintenance program is working. The summer months, when the climate is hot and dry, and the winter months, when it is cold, icy and snowing, offer particular problems for commercial truck maintenance issues as well.
Service intervals should be at the minimum every 4 months and as needed. Inspect both the hydraulic and air line that run from the tractor to the trailer. Drivers should log their maintenance schedules along with all repairs and notes, which can be referred to in case of a breakdown or transfer of equipment. Air box drains and crankcase breather tubes — With engine running, see that they are open. Inspect the brake linings, drums, rotors and hydraulic or vacuum hoses at regular intervals to be sure that there are no leaking fluids, vacuum leaks, or worn or damaged parts. For a Mack truck, you will generally need to change your engine oil and filter every 15,000 miles with approved oil and filter parts.
A heavy-duty diesel truck can take many forms. Inspect overhead system and adjust rack. This is the point at which a part or component will be repaired or replaced. Checking Oil Checking the oil in your truck regularly is important. It is essential for a company that relies on a fleet of commercial trucks or a single driver, who owns a truck, take steps to create and use a truck maintenance checklist and follow a preventive maintenance schedule to control the costs of owning a truck and to ensure that the truck performs safely under all conditions. However, there will be times when unscheduled repairs may be necessary. The vehicle owner can performed the inspection, or may have someone else do the inspection.
Make sure that the kit includes road flares, fire extinguisher, reflective triangles, first aid kit, water, solar blanket, jumper cables and anything else you may need to survive through extreme weather overnight. They include checking tires, lights, turn signals, and hazard flashers to ensure all in good working order. This is usually accepted in radial truck tires. So it is up to him or her to perform inspections, provide details of the inspection in writing and to notify appropriate people as to problems with the vehicle. Observe fuel for appearance of air bubbles or gases.
The leasing option will generally include maintenance coverage as part of the deal. You will also want to lubricate the chassis, suspension and drive shaft, basically anywhere that there is a grease fitting, to extend the life of the major suspension components of your truck that are always under a heavy load. Vehicle Safety Inspection Checklist Form. The battery should be tested and connections cleaned. In this write-up, Haulage Report Now serves you a systematic sequence for inspecting and ensuring your valuable asset remains in the best possible shape all of the time barring any unforeseen occurrence.
A is much like a pre-trip inspection. Inspect the entire engine for leaks, including the ground under the engine for any new fluid spots. Maintenance will also keep our overall operating costs down. To reduce preventable accidents, carriers and drivers should carefully follow a predetermined maintenance, inspection and payload plan. Most of the truck service items listed above are covered during regularly scheduled maintenance sessions. Why Follow a Preventative Maintenance Program for Commercial Trucks? He enjoys writing various types of articles that include health-related, how-to, about and list articles.