This requires a critical shift compared with past policy orientations in Portugal. Once in full use, the Alqueva Irrigation Project will promote the implementation of competitive agricultural systems, which are expected to have a significant economic and social impact on the region and on the country as a whole. Targets in terms of the reallocation of responsibilities must be clear as must the path and means to reach them. Consequently, governance reform is taking place to modernise the traditional top-down structure of the public administration in Japan and to adapt it to a more decentralised system of government. The committees will be composed of representatives of the central government, the elected regional authority, social partners, and the business and associative sector. Such amenities constitute valuable assets for national growth; in particular, Madeira has become a national excellence pole in terms of tourism.
. Archived from on 13 March 2014. Many of the legal powers and statutory obligations of central, regional and local governments are enshrined in the planning process, and territorial development plans themselves are among the main vehicles for co-ordination across levels of government. It is currently being implemented through 112 measures covering the three lines of action 38 measures for knowledge, 24 measures for technology, 50 measures for innovation and serving five transversal priorities a strengthened scientific and technological base; a better organised competitive base; a modernised public administration; a favourable business environment; a qualified population. . These smaller cities often have development potential, but have been somewhat neglected as a target of specific policy, with much of urban policy concentrated on the major metropolitan areas. The emphasis on bringing universities into closer and more regular contact with local industry is clearly an important priority.
Thus there is a close link between public investment on the one hand and the absolute level of regional disparities on the other. Roberto Villarreal, Head of the Regional Competitiveness and Governance Division. It is, however, not restricted to the post-communist transition or turbulent times. Collaborating closely with other ministries e. .
This is consistent with the purpose of such programmes, which is to support the highest quality proposed projects that are promising sources of economic growth. Supporting dynamic sectors may give them a competitive edge with important technological spillovers for the wider economy, while refocusing exposed sectors to new opportunities can preserve employment and promote restructuring of regional economies. . . . . .
In this respect, Japan should review the allocation of responsibility across levels of governments for policy implementation and improve mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation. Rural clusters — summary of analysis by Michael Porter cont. In order to curb rising unemployment and to upgrade low value-added activities, the competitive edge lost in low-cost labour must be earned back through education and innovation. Having friends who engage in criminal behavior or friends who have dropped out also increases the odds of dropping out, with such associations appearing as early as the seventh grade. Advantages of top-down and bottom-up selection of clusters. They are in charge of collective equipment and basic infrastructure. This evolution of the balances and patterns in the East Asia regional economy is having an important impact on the orientation of thinking about economic strategies.
Fiscal instruments to support subnational development strategies Existing fiscal instruments to support subnational spending in Portugal remain more focused on reducing the negative impact of regional disparities than on promoting the positive impact of regional specificities. One additional benefit of competitive selection procedures is that sometimes, even for candidates that do not get selected, the process resulted in network building and action plans. Regional policy as a tool to support sustainable development Amidst recurrent calls for competitiveness-oriented measures, the future of certain regions mostly rural has emerged as an increasingly disconcerting policy issue in Portugal. Location of transport infrastructure under concession projects 1993-2006. In 2001, there were just under 6.
. However, in demographic and economic terms, Chile remains very concentrated: Santiago has most of the political, economic and intellectual capital and nearly half of the population. The initiative aims at implementing an innovative method to provide basic public services in low-density, less favoured areas. How can employers and unions be engaged? About 60% of Japanese female workers withdraw from the labour market after they have children, though financial pressures appear to be obliging increasing numbers to return via part-time employment. . Higher skilled workers have more chances to be unemployed in these regions e. Efforts to re-launch the growth dynamics based on regional innovation, however, may run into a complex policy debate.
This manufacturing appears to be characterised by specialisation in low productivity sectors. Hand-made food and farm-fresh products have been produced in response to the demand of not only local people but also outside consumers, particularly in large regions with high levels of consumption. Since its accession to the European Union, Portugal has used its generous allocation of Structural Funds to improve physical infrastructure and enhance regional cohesion. . . It is organised into Directorates, which include about 2,500 staff. A particular feature of these measures is their emphasis on 1 private investment and the role of private sector initiatives; and 2 deregulation and the use of special exemptions to circumvent out-dated regulations that impede the functioning of property markets.
. A central issue in rural development is the accessibility of core cities within each block measured by calculating the average travel time between the core and peripheral areas , which is an indication of the ease with which rural periphery dwellers can access urban services. Tourism has rapidly overtaken other sectors in the region, including traditional agriculture and the processing industry a minor part remains active in foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco products, non-metal minerals. See data in Appendix 1 and methodology in Appendix 2. . Regional policy as a tool to support sustainable development.
However, regional governments still do not have enough institutional strength to manage and co-ordinate a common strategy for the region that draws together the various agencies and actors operating in the region. Reorganisation at the central level. The regulatory reform process illustrates a shift from an emphasis on administrative control and standardisation towards a more flexible system that encourages actors, particularly those at local level, to engage in new relationships and experiment. . Basics facts Portugal Country profile of Portugal Population: 10. Generally, public service delivery in Australia is the responsibility of subnational governments, though the national government provides funding to the states in most service sectors. The aim is both to test the feasibility of wider deregulation, and also to encourage local authorities to take a more pro-active stance in proposing measures for development of their areas.