The project is based on a partnership between public and private shareholders City of Guimarães: 51%; University of Minho 20%; other public actors: 10%; private actors: 19%. Efforts to unlock regional competitive potential will also attend to national equity and cohesion concerns by triggering a dynamics of renewal in lagging regions. At the same time, even though growth forecastsare more optimistic for 2004 and 2005 than they have been for a decade, otherindicators, such as land prices and bank lending, are still relatively weak. A successful regional city: Kakegawa Kakegawa lies between Tokyo and Osaka on the main Shinkansen line and close to the main north-south motorway. Identifying the Determinants of Regional Performance Methodology for Appendix 1.
Second homes in European countries In France, second homes are increasingly being used as alternate residences. The committees will be composed of representatives of the central government, the elected regional authority, social partners, and the business and associative sector. This will create a democratically elected body for managing regional development. At present, the Urban Renaissance programme provides regulatoryexemptions in relatively limited zones. The potential of transport infrastructure will only be fully exploited if co-ordination and territorial synergies exist; this will require governance arrangements and greater involvement of sub-national actors Co-ordination of the different institutions dealing with transport infrastructure in Chile and of infrastructure and other economic development policies is crucial. . Higher skilled workers have more chances to be unemployed in these regions e.
. The country has recently started relevant and promising transformations of its territorial governance aimed at creating those framework conditions that could favour local economic development in depressed areas. The initiative is managed by Conicyt, in a joint effort involving regional governments, universities and the private sector. . Many of the legal powers andstatutory obligations of central, regional and local governments are enshrinedin the planning process, and territorial development plans themselves areamong the main vehicles for co-ordination across levels of government. Science, technology and innovation policy can play a key role, first by exploring new products in emerging sectors and second by making existing ones more productive and efficient.
For example: The Law on Emergency Measures for Depopulated Areas24 mainly aimed atimproving infrastructure and living conditions in the target regions. This ratio is unique among inter-governmental organisations. Regions with high poverty levels have especially low tertiary educational attainment rates. . In Japan, it seems that the differentiation is based more on infrastructure policies: while rural areas would benefit from central government investment, metropoles, which are not subject to the same market failures, would be able to use private investment to finance their infrastructure. The emergence of a regional dimension in innovation policy Portugal has started to address the previous lack of a consistent and systemic innovation policy at the national level. In other regions where traditional manufacturing industries are strongly embedded, cluster policies are designed to help the region diversify into new activities or change the value structure of current specialisations.
Past legislation focused on urban development from a planning regulation perspective, in which landscape is not a clearly defined concept. In addition, two major measures have been taken to facilitate policy integration. Investment in long-term assets for competitiveness must be pursued via differentiated strategies building on the specific potential of each region ranging from high-end skills to landscapes and biodiversity. Animportant challenge for regional cities is to maintain vibrant city centres. In the Southern regions, the unemployment rate is still four times higher than in the Centre-North despite recent signs of dynamism. Improving the level of human capital in rural areas is crucial to enhancing their capacity to innovate — and to assimilate innovation — and to ensure that capital investment does not leak out of the region. It hosts the vast majority of political decision-making bodies, headquarters of the largest corporate groups, and high value-added activities e.
However, the main issue of concern in housing and planning terms for the British government is the tendency for second homes located in England to be concentrated in certain areas and to combine with retirement purchasing to push up the cost of entry-level homes, thereby making it more difficult for locals to purchase homes in the area. New instruments have been developed for the Mezzogiorno Southern Italy which involve all actors and all tiers of government, in the strategic phases of design, implementation and evaluation of territorial policies. In general, local governments in Portugal have little fiscal autonomy and rely heavily on grants coming from the central government Box 3. Fourth, as will be Figure 1. The infrastructure endowment of the South remains far below the national average and organised crime still constitues a heavy deterrent both for investment and endogenous development. Main sectors of specialisation in Portugal.
Register a Free 1 month Trial Account. They also seek to increase the participation of micro, small and medium-sized companies. Or latest year available: 2003 for Canada and New Zealand, 2004 for Japan and Korea. Second, regions suffering from individual handicaps and not yet able to play their part in national growth need targeted support to access basic public services, with a view to buttress further efforts to capture differentiated regional competitive advantages. One of the most successful examples is the committee for the redevelopmentof the area around Tokyo station, which consists of land owners, a railway Table 2. . There are also opportunities toencourage student engagement, including the development of newinterdisciplinary curricula for example in the management of innovation andco-operative education where students get experience in business orundertake projects with businesses as part of their educational requirements.
In December 2006, the Government approved 13 nationally significant Competence Clusters and 21 Centres of Expertise for the 2007-2013 period. Clearly, measures of disparity hide more complex processes. On the long term, helping weaker regions to capitalise on existing social capital could be a less costly and more effective policy option than ad hoc cash injections, which might perpetuate a pattern of overreliance on public funding. Such amenities constitute valuable assets for national growth; in particular, Madeira has become a national excellence pole in terms of tourism. It contains a large selection of timely statistical indicators. It then discusses policy options to strengthen regional innovation systems, to fully exploit regional skills, and to explore regional opportunities for green growth.
Share of construction industry employment. In some industrial regions, long-termunemployment, which was once unheard of, is now relatively common andthe lifetime employment system has eroded and is being replaced by moreflexible working arrangements. The Agency collaborates with local authorities and with the support of partners in the business community. Allocation of functions and interaction with other areas. Municipalities are governed by a mayor alcalde , who heads the local administration, and a municipal council concejo municipal , with decision- making, regulatory and supervisory functions.