These reconciliation practices have developed in response to patterns of contemporary violence, where frequently revenge is fueled by powerful practices have developed in response to patterns of contemporary violence, where frequently revenge is fueled by powerful collective narratives and advanced by opportunistic leadership. Our collective survival will require our adherence to this collective narratives and advanced by opportunistic leadership. The wounds have yet to heal as the perpetrators continue to deny that they engaged in genocide. Likewise, I continued to wonder how the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda could possibly reconcile after one of the most horrendous genocides of the 20th century. Yet it is an important concept in the context of reducing interpersonal conflict and hostility, particularly here in Africa, where interpersonal and inter-ethnic hostilities such as in Rwanda, Uganda, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Liberia, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Burundi and multi-racial conflicts as in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Angola, Mozambique, etc. The news that my parents and my seven siblings had indeed been killed was simply unbearable. He is currently the editor of The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion.
Anie Kalayjian is a professor of psychology at Fordham University. The present study is the first known examination of the separate and interactive effects of meaning-making and forgiveness as they relate to traumatic stress symptomology in Armenia. Forgiving others may offer a means of facilitating meaning making as a buffer against traumatic stress symptoms in the midst of difficult social and economic living conditions. In order to discuss this in more depth, let us use the Darfur Genocide as a case study. In this article, we analyze the relationship between positive psychology and peace psychology. Anger, hatred, resentment, grudges—when the products of conflict smolder for years, decades, or centuries, the idea of peace may seem elusive and unrealistic.
This chapter will explore both the theoretical and practical dimensions of dialogue as a tool in forgiveness and reconciliation and a particular case study where dialogue has served as a platform for moving conflicted parties forward at the intergroup level. Promoting reconciliation through arts and the media. Anger and bitterness became my daily companions. Forgiveness and Reconciliation breaks new ground as a volume that will enhance the work of social and peace psychologists, students and researchers in intergroup and international relations, and peace and conflict studies. As a genocide survivor, I know something about it.
In such a situation the pain is so great, the hurt goes so deep that if someone tells you that you should forgive, it twists the knife that is already deep inside your chest and causes it to go deeper, causing more grief and agony than before. This chapter highlights the inextricably interwoven benefits to personal, interpersonal, communal, and societal development of reconciliation and forgiveness, two interrelated processes which help to restore trust, reinstate integrity, and foster security within the individual, dyad, family, community, and larger interpersonal and social systems. In less than a hundred days from April 7th to July 4th, 1994, more than 1 million Tutsis and moderate Hutus of Rwanda were massacred in one of the worst genocides of the century. The preceding chapters on intergroup conflict and its reduction have been marked by a strong sense of duality. It is distilled here into its most essential form. This chapter offers a perspective that promotes peace and forgiveness through a framework of accountability and reparations.
How could such a thing happen? He has been a visiting professor teaching psychology of religion at Stanford University and Guest Professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. To buy this book at the lowest price,. So goes the difficult work of dialogue, the process by which members of differing groups come together with the hope of increasing understanding and transforming deep-rooted issues of conflict. Common wisdom suggests that forgiveness comes after a perpetrator makes a genuine apology. Common wisdom suggests that forgiveness comes after a perpetrator makes a genuine apology. At that time, the prevention of nuclear war was the preeminent concern for those who called themselves peace psychologists. She is also President of the Association for Disaster and Mass Trauma Studies and the Armenian American Society for Studies on Stress and Genocide.
He is currently the editor of The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. Together they help to make continuing interaction with others a safe-enough affair so that a couple or family can support the development of individual members and so that a community or larger group can function adequately to nurture the persons, families, and ethnic and other identity groups that compose it. That is to say, something or many things need to be repaired, and the religions offer a variety of insight, wisdom, and aid to do so. From our century in its final decade, this century that was to see the end of war has been stained by unremitting violence. Measures included traumatic stress symptoms, meaning in life, and forgiveness. This is not just another academic book about an obscure topic, namely, psychology and peacebuilding, but a truly useful handbook on getting beyond war and violence. Anger and bitterness became my daily companions.
This wisdom informs us that in the aftermath of a wrongdoing, the offender must acknowledge the wrong he or she has done, express remorse, express an apology, commit to never repeating said harm, and make reparations to theextentpossible. Despite the changes and, perhaps, in some cases, because of them, race relations in the United States continue to be a major concern for social scientists. Reconciliation in the divided society. This wisdom informs us that in the aftermath of a wrongdoing, the offender must acknowledge the wrong he or she has done, express remorse, express an apology, commit to never repeating said harm, and make reparations to theextentpossible. This fundamentally practical and needed book adds. Product Description We all long for peace within ourselves, families, communities, countries, and throughout the world. Forgiveness and Reconciliation explores in depth two different yet essential components of this peace-building process.
As the genocide unfolded in Rwanda in 1994, I was devastated by what I believed to be the inevitable deaths of my loved ones. As expected, the three-factor structure of forgivingness found among Europeans Lasting Resentment, Sensitivity to Circumstances, and Unconditional Forgiveness fit the data collected among the Hindus. It was not until I came to understand the notion of forgiveness that I was able to see the light at the end of the tunnel. The news that my parents and my seven siblings had indeed been killed was simply unbearable. As the genocide unfolded in Rwanda in 1994, I was devastated by what I believed to be the inevitable deaths of my loved ones. As a genocide survivor, I know something about it.