A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy examines this policy in context and assesses its effectiveness. This study had two outcomes: it identified Behavioural Patterns to be used in energy calculations and it discerned User Profiles with different behaviours. Effect of thermal quality on energy consumption in dwellings -- 3. It is a book that I would thoroughly recommend to any person with an involvement in our industry for it is without doubt one of the very best available, written in a clear and readily understandable manner. The way occupants behave and their motivations are some of the main aspects that need to be considered in a building life-cycle.
Third, the static structure of the built environment does not respond to the diversified occupation pattern of the resident. However, this induces new challenges such as an increase in material consumption, higher building costs and inefficient occupant behaviour due to a static built environment. This compact and practical guide addresses wiring systems design and electrical installation together in one volume, creating a comprehensive overview of the whole process for contractors and architects, as well as electricians and other installation engineers. Detailed research on the occupant behaviour is proposed to clarify further aspects of the theoretical model. The book suggests a new policy paradigm that would encourage a better balance of partial and comprehensive retrofits, utilizing household behavior changes based on a better understanding of fuel saving motivation and fuel price elasticity.
In conclusion, mean outdoor air temperature of the foregoing night s had a major impact on occupant behaviour during summertime, but a minor one in wintertime. It finds that technical constraints and the costs of retrofitting reduce the rate of progress, while planning underestimates the influence of user behavior in the form of rebound and prebound effects. Methods of analysis -- 3. A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy examines this policy in context and assesses its effectiveness. In fact, measured consumption may be a fraction only of what was calculated. Factors underlying behaviour: exploratory factor analysis -- 5. Prediction of energy use for heating according to individual building characteristics and occupant behaviour -- 2.
Households are the major energy consumer and contributor to the emission of greenhouse gases. Focusing on energy efficiency and the built environment, the authors take a critical look at the production and use of technical knowledge and energy-related expertise. Census and other large govemment surveys on most vari-ables. Consequently, when the dynamic resident is not interacting properly or is dissatisfied with the systems, it is inherently linked to actions e. This paper proposes an empirical top-down statistical framework to comprehensively evaluate drivers of energy use for a stock of buildings. Buildings are one of the most energy intensive features in a country. Secondly, the highly insulated building skin generates a constant indoor climate that is isolated from the varying outdoor climate.
This makes the Dutch case particularly interesting for analysing citizens' willingness to participate in local energy initiatives. The analysis provides reference procedures for obtaining occupancy profiles. The median ratio of actual-to-predicted gas saving was 0. A general method is proposed that identifies the contribution of resident-dependent effects to the observed variability of energy consumption in similar houses. Consequently, this paper reviews the available resources on energy-related occupant behaviour and its implications in energy use in a building.
Small correlations were found between energy use and the ventilation system, since most households barely use the ventilation system. Quels sont les principaux déterminants et effets du comportement des habitants en matière d'utilisation d'énergie pour le chauffage des locaux? State of the art -- 2. While research in the 1990s indicated that nonresponse bias was relatively small, response rates have continued to fall since then. The mixed-methods methodology offers strategies for integrating qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate complex phenomena. The survey was developed by considering previous experiences conducted in the University of Calabria since 2012, and it was distributed among 80 families via email, face-to-face and through social network. More reliable data on energy consumption could help in determining the actual energy performance of dwellings and in the search for the most adequate design for housing and home amenities. To conclude, the paper proposes an alternative, user-centred dwelling concept: a dynamic way of living throughout the seasons.
S'agissant des caractéristiques des ménages, il a été démontré que la présence de personnes âgées dans le ménage est un facteur déterminant dans l'utilisation du système de chauffage et du système d'aération. More reliable data on energy consumption could help in determining the actual energy performance of dwellings and in the search for the most adequate design for housing and home amenities. Differences in energy use per type of dwelling and insulation level -- 2. This simplification is carried out making a statistical analysis of the energy quantities that affect the performance of a building. It considers the yearly gas and electricity energy consumption 2013 of the municipalities of the department of Djelfa. As a main existing gap, it was identified by researchers the difference between real energy performance and the one that is predicted during the design stage of a building. When comparing calculated heating consumption in residential buildings assuming standard usage with standardized measured data, then the two typically does not fit.
This paper presents the results of two monitoring campaigns in which the approach was employed. Recommendations -- References -- 7. However, the improvement of thermal properties and systems efficiency still lead to a reduction on energy consumption for heating. Data from a recent evaluation of a home energy audit program in Minnesota were used to analyze the actual energy savings achieved in audited homes and the relationship between actual and predicted savings. Best practice is incorporated throughout, combining theory and practice with clear and accessible explanation, all within the framework of the Wiring Regulations. La principale caractéristique des bâtiments qui détermine le comportement est le type de réglage de la température. Secondly, the paper reviews the interaction between resident, climate and the controlled and constant and static environments of energy-efficient buildings.